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  • DNA analysis for prostate specimen verification: How I Do It

    Salib Andrew, Mark Ryan J., MD Department of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

    Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy affecting men. Prostate biopsy remains the key clinical tool for selecting appropriate treatment options. The process of specimen collection and diagnosis is multistep and vulnerable to human error along every stage. Specimen provenance testing (SPT) aims to provide certainty that biopsy results can be trusted when recommending life changing treatments and has emerged as a necessary tool in medicine to counteract human error and specimen contamination. In this study we report our practice's experience using the Know Error test to verify prostate biopsy specimens. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the results of a specific SPT known as Know Error which is used in our institution for specimen verification during prostate biopsy. Over a period of 16 months, we identified 445 patients with a total of 921 specimens. The percentage of patients who had 1, 2 or 3 specimens analyzed was 29%, 38%, and 30%, respectively. Our cohort's rate of specimen verification was 92.8% with a 2.8% contamination rate. The pathology reports for 445 patients were then examined to determine Gleason Grade Group (GG) showing 180 GG1 and 148 GG2 patients. Cross reference of pathology reports and Know Error reports showed 8 GG1 and 9 GG2 patients had contaminated biopsy specimens. Specimen provenance complications such as contamination can negatively impact patient counselling and treatment modalities leading to unnecessary intervention and detrimental patient outcomes.

    Keywords: DNA analysis, specimen contamination, prostate biopsies, specimen provenance complications,

    Feb 2021 (Vol. 28, Issue 1 , Page 10568)
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April 2021, Vol.28 No.2
canadian journal of urology