Fifty patients underwent radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer (Stages A2, B) between 1977 and 1982. Surgical specimens were examined for tumor grade and extraprostatic extension of the disease. Forty-one of the 50 patients had capsular involvement (82%), 26 (52%) positive margins and 14 (28%) seminal vesicular involvement. Six patients progressed locally, six systematically and three both. Eight patients progressed at five years and an additional seven at ten years. In all 15 progressors tumor involved the capsule yet four patients with capsular involvement alone progressed. Eleven of the 26 patients (42%) with positive margins progressed. Five of the 14 patients (37%) with seminal vesicle involvement progressed, all five had positive margins as well. None of the patients with disease confined within the capsule progressed. Gleason score for non-progressors ranged between three and nine with a median of six while for progressors it ranged between five and nine with a median of seven. Long rank test and Cox Proportional Hazard Model statistical analysis were employed among all the factors: capsular involvement, positive margins, positive seminal vesicles and grade of tumor. Positive margins was the only statistically significant factor affecting local progression of the disease in both univariate and multivariate analysis at a 95% confidence (p=0.04). All factors were statistically insignificant in affecting systemic progression (p>0.5).