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The cost-effectiveness of blue light cystoscopy in bladder cancer detection: United States projections based on clinical data showing 4.5 years of follow up after a single hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride instillation
GfK Bridgehead, Wayland, Massachusetts, USA
Apr 2013 (Vol. 20, Issue 2, Pages( 6682 - 6689)
PMID: 23587507


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  • INTRODUCTION: Several studies, including the recently published phase III study by Stenzl and colleagues have demonstrated that hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride, when used with blue light fluorescence cystoscopy, improves detection of non-muscle invasive bladder tumors compared to white light cystoscopy and transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURB) alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The objective of this study was to conduct a detailed assessment of the cost-effectiveness of using hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride with blue light cystoscopy as an adjunct to white light versus white light cystoscopy alone at time of initial TURB in the United States. A probabilistic decision tree model, using TreeAge Pro 2011 software, was developed using base case scenario cost and utility estimates. RESULTS: Incorporation of hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride into diagnostic cystoscopy results in lower costs over 5 years ($25,921) as compared to those patients who initially receive white light cystoscopy ($30,581). Those patients who initially receive hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride blue light TURB also experience a lower overall cancer burden. CONCLUSIONS: Hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride may be cost effective when used at first TURB for patients with suspected new or recurrent non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

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