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Canadian experience with high intensity focused ultrasound for the treatment of BPH
Professor & Head of Division of Urology, Vancouver Hospital & Health Sci
Jun  1999 (Vol.  6, Issue  3, Pages( 799 - 805)


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    High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) ablates benign prostatic tissue in a minimally invasive manner with low morbidity. The safety and effectiveness of treating of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) with HIFU using 3 different protocols are reported. METHODS: Forty six male patients with a mean age of 65 (range 47-84) were treated using the Sonablate HIFU device (Focus Surgery, Indianapolis IN) with 3 different protocols at 3 centres (LDS n=20, PJP n=12, RWC n=14). Baseline and outcome measures included AUA symptom score, peak urinary flow rate (Qmax) and quality of life (QOL) score. Early and long term complications were recorded.


    At 12 months post-HIFU, patients showed improvements in AUA symptom scores of 35% (LDS), 43% (PJP) and 59% (RWC). Qmax improved by 30% (LDS), 37% (PJP) and 63% (RWC). QOL scores improved by 63% (LDS) and 58% (RWC). Minor complications included hematospermia (13%), mild to moderate hematuria (9%), acute retention (4%), perineal pain (11%) and epididymitis (9%). Recatheterization occurred in up to 16% of patients. Eleven patients in the LDS and PJP series required a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for symptoms of urinary obstruction after HIFU treatment. There were no TURP's following HIFU in the RWC series.


    HIFU is safe, produces acceptable complications and effectively relieves BPH symptoms.