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Healthcare system contact following ureteroscopy: does discharge instruction readability matter?
Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Apr  2023 (Vol.  30, Issue  2, Pages( 11480 - 11486)
PMID: 37074747


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  • Introduction:

    We aimed to assess the impact of discharge instruction (DCI) readability on 30-day postoperative contact with the healthcare system.

    Materials and methods:

    Utilizing a multidisciplinary team, DCI were modified for patients undergoing cystoscopy, retrograde pyelogram, ureteroscopy, laser lithotripsy, and stent placement (CRULLS) from a 13th grade to a 7th grade reading level. We retrospectively reviewed 100 patients including 50 consecutive patients with original DCI (oDCI) and 50 consecutive patients with improved readability DCI (irDCI). Clinical and demographic data collected including healthcare system contact (communications [phone or electronic message], emergency department [ED], and unplanned clinic visits) within 30 days of surgery. Uni/multivariate logistic regression analyses used to identify factors, including DCI-type, associated with increased healthcare system contact. Findings reported as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals and p values (< 0.05 significant).


    There were 105 contacts to the healthcare system within 30 days of surgery: 78 communications, 14 ED visits and 13 clinic visits. There were no significant differences between cohorts in the proportion of patients with communications (p = 0.16), ED visits (p =1.0) or clinic visits (p = 0.37). On multivariable analysis, older age and psychiatric diagnosis were associated with significantly increased odds of overall healthcare contact (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04) and communications (p = 0.02 and p = 0.03). Prior psychiatric diagnosis was also associated with significantly increased odds of unplanned clinic visits (p = 0.003). Overall, irDCI were not significantly associated with the endpoints of interest.


    Increasing age and prior psychiatric diagnosis, but not irDCI, were significantly associated with an increased rate of healthcare system contact following CRULLS.