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Understanding why caregivers call after ambulatory pediatric urologic surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine and the Department of Pediatric Urology at Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, Washington, USA
Aug  2022 (Vol.  29, Issue  4, Pages( 11243 - 11248)
PMID: 35969728


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  • Introduction:

    To uncover factors associated with an increased likelihood of a postoperative triage phone call from caregivers after pediatric ambulatory urologic surgery with a focus on social determinants of health.

    Materials and methods:

    This was a retrospective cohort study from July 2014-January 2020. Patients undergoing ambulatory urologic surgery by three different pediatric urologists were included. The primary outcome was the number of patient families that called within 30 days after surgery. Univariable tests and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to identify factors associated with the increased likelihood of a postoperative phone call.


    The families of 460 patients out of 1618 patients called at least once within 30 days of surgery (28%). There were 665 total calls, an average number of 1.5 (SD+/-0.8) phone calls per family. Families who live further away (OR 0.66, 95%CI 0.46-0.93), who do not speak English as a primary language (OR 0.61, 95%CI 0.38-1.00), and who were Native American/Alaskan Native (OR 0.33, 95%CI 0.11-0.99) were less likely to call after surgery. Those with commercial insurance (OR 1.42, 95%CI 1.09-1.85), recovering from non-hypospadias penile surgery (OR 3.20, 95%CI 2.46-4.32), or from hypospadias repair (OR 5.14, 95%CI 3.28-8.18) were more likely to call after surgery.


    Nearly 1 in 3 families call the hospital triage line after ambulatory urologic surgery with postoperative concerns. Families with children who undergo penile surgery are 3-5 times more likely to call after surgery. Social determinants of health may have a role in postoperative phone call rates as medically underserved patients are less likely to call.