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General surgeons’ comfort and urologists’ perceptions of bladder trauma management
Department of Urology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Apr  2022 (Vol.  29, Issue  2, Pages( 11101 - 11110)
PMID: 35429429


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  • Introduction:

    Utilizing a physician-reported survey, we assessed general surgeons (GS) comfort level in the management of bladder trauma, from a GS and urologist’s perspective.

    Materials and methods:

    Online questionnaires were distributed electronically to physicians of the American College of Surgeons and American Urological Association. This survey queried demographic data, clinical factors that may influence urology consultations, and bladder injury scenarios of varying severities. Two questions were presented for each scenario, the first querying GS comfort level in bladder trauma management, the second assessing the likelihood of obtaining urology consultations in such scenarios. Responses were graded on a Likert scale.


    Overall, 108 (51%) GS and 104 (49%) urologists responded. When compared to managing Grade I injuries, the comfort level of GS decreased as the severity of bladder trauma increased, while the likelihood of obtaining a urology consultation increased. While the perceived comfort of GS by urologists decreased from 84% to 5% for Grade I to Grade V injuries, GS reported a significantly higher comfort level (Grade I: 92%, p = 0.09; Grade V: 31%, p < 0.001). Majority of GS indicated that preoperative diagnosis on imaging (56%), intraoperative diagnosis (62%), and timing of patient presentation (76%), did not affect their decision to consult urology for assistance in bladder trauma (p < 0.001).


    GS-reported comfort levels for bladder trauma management remains higher than urology-perceived comfort levels. Contrary to urologists’ perception, most peri-injury factors did not affect GS decision to consult urology for bladder trauma. We hope this study can foster discussion and improve interdisciplinary collaboration in bladder trauma management.