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Influence of COVID-19 pandemic on timing and outcomes of treatment for acute testicular torsion in adults: a single institution experience
Department of Urology, Sant’Eugenio Hospital, Rome, Italy
Department of Maternal-Infant and Urological Sciences, “Sapienza” Rome University, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Rome, Italy
Apr  2022 (Vol.  29, Issue  2, Pages( 11095 - 11100)
PMID: 35429428

Abstract

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  • Introduction:

    The worldwide spread of SARS-COV2 had led to a delay in treatment of numerous urological pathologies, even in emergency conditions. We therefore sought to determine whether the timing of diagnosis and treatment and the postoperative outcome of patients with testicular torsion had been changed during the COVID pandemic.

    Materials and methods:

    We considered all patients evaluated in the emergency department (ED) for testicular torsion from February 2018 to August 2019 (pre-COVID period) and from February 2020 to August 2021 (during COVID pandemic). All patients underwent clinical and ultrasound evaluation and subsequently scrotal exploration. Primary outcomes were the time differences from pain onset to ED presentation and from ED presentation to surgical treatment. We also investigated whether the number or orchiectomies required changed during the pandemic.

    Results:

    A total of 54 patients were divided in two groups: 40 patients in pre-COVID-19 group and 14 in the COVID-19 cohort. Mean time from symptoms onset to ED access was longer during the pandemic (4.2 ± 5.7 versus 39.6 ± 37.3 hours, p = 0.009). Mean time from ED access to surgery was similar (2.9 ± 1.1 versus 4.2 ± 2.3, p = 0.355). In addition, the number of orchiectomies was higher in COVID-19 group (2.5% versus 28.6%, p < 0.01), compared to a lower number of detorsions (97.5% versus 71.4%, p < 0.01). Elapsed time from pain onset to surgery was directly correlated with the increased white blood cell (WBC) count after surgery (r = 0.399, p = 0.002). Discussion and

    conclusions:

    The current study identifies a significant delay in presentation of testicular torsion which resulted in a significant increase in orchiectomies with the expected decreased in detorsion/orchiopexy. In addition, there was an increase in the WBC at presentation associated with delayed presentation.