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Evaluation and management of female urinary incontinence
Department of Urology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Aug  2021 (Vol.  28, Issue  42, Pages( 27 - 32)
PMID: 34453426


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  • INTRODUCTION Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in all demographics of women and consists of stress UI (SUI), Urgency UI (UUI), and mixed UI (MUI). Treatment includes lifestyle modifications, medical treatment, and surgery depending on the type of UI and severity of symptoms. This review is an update on the evaluation and management of UI in women.


    This review article covers the evaluation and management options for UI in women and includes the most recent guidelines from the American Urological Association (AUA) as well as recently published literature on the management of UI.


    Any evaluation of UI should include a thorough targeted history and physical, and counseling for treatment should consider patient goals and desired outcomes. For both SUI and UUI, behavioral therapy and lifestyle modifications are effective first line treatments. Patients with UUI can benefit from medical therapy which includes anticholinergics and β3-agonist medications, as well as neuromodulation in treatment refractory patients. SUI patients may further benefit from mechanical inserts which prevent leaks, urethral bulking agents, and surgical treatments such as the mid urethral sling and autologous fascial pubovaginal sling.


    Treatment of UI in women requires a graded approach that considers patient goals and symptom severity, beginning with lifestyle and behavioral modifications before progressing to more aggressive interventions.