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Management of bilateral synchronous renal cell carcinoma in a single versus staged procedure
Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Feb  2009 (Vol.  16, Issue  1, Pages( 4507 - 4511)
PMID: 19222893


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    The presentation of synchronous bilateral renal lesions is rare. We report our experience with the surgical management of these lesions in both a single and staged procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with bilateral synchronous renal lesions who underwent surgical management by one surgeon between 2000-2007. We compared characteristics including pre and postoperative renal function, complication rates, and oncological outcomes between the single and staged cohorts. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, and Fisher's exact test.


    A total of 26 patients (73% male, mean age 65.5 +/- 12.2 years) with bilateral synchronous lesions were identified with a mean follow-up of 25.9 +/- 19.7 months. Of these, 18 (69%) were performed as a single procedure, 5 (19%) were done as a staged procedure, and 3 (12%) had only the first part of the staged procedure performed. The single and staged cohorts were comparable in regards to preoperative creatinine (Cr) (1.1 +/- 0.4 mg/dl versus 1.1 +/- 0.2 mg/dl, p = 0.70), postoperative Cr (1.5 +/- 1.0 mg/dl versus 1.4 +/- 0.5 mg/dl, p = 0.73), and median hospital length of stay (HLOS) (5 days versus 4 days). The complication rate was 22% and 20% for the single and staged cohorts, respectively. One patient had a local recurrence and one patient developed metastatic disease in the single cohort versus no local recurrence or metastatic disease in the staged cohort.


    In the appropriate setting, surgical management of synchronous bilateral renal lesions can be done safely in a single procedure with comparable outcomes to those done in a staged manner.