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The relationship of depression, alcohol and marijuana with treatment for LUTS/BPH
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Anschutz School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA
Aug  2022 (Vol.  29, Issue  4, Pages( 11249 - 11254)
PMID: 35969729


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  • Introduction:

    Despite widespread usage, research on the relationship of marijuana use to disease is sorely lacking. We sought to test the relationship of LUTS/BPH treatment and endocannabinoid agonist usage, as well as alcohol usage and depression, with treatment for LUTS/BPH in our health system.

    Materials and methods:

    We queried our hospital system database of nearly three million patients in a marijuana-legalized region for data from the electronic medical record between January 2011 and October 2018. Men over the age of 45 on medical therapy for LUTS (selective alpha blockade and/or finasteride) were included. Exclusions were diagnosis of bladder or prostate malignancy and men with only one visit. Alcohol and marijuana (MJ) use were found from diagnosis code and/or social history text. Medical diagnoses were based on ICD-9/10 codes. Multiple logistic regression was used to control for confounders. We considered all men over the age of 45 who had any of these features: depression, obesity or metabolic syndrome (MetS), hypertension (HTN), erectile dysfunction (ED), hypogonadism, diabetes (DM) and calculated the odds ratio of also receiving medical therapy for LUTS. Univariable and multivariable analyses were employed, multiple logistic regression was used to control for confounders.


    A total of 173,469 patients were identified meeting criteria with 20,548 (11.9%) on medical treatment for LUTS. After adjusting for confounding variables, MJ and depression remained associated with an increased risk of LUTS medication, within the context of verifying previously established relationships of ED, Obesity/MetS, DM, HTN and hypogonadism.


    Men with depression and MJ usage were more likely to be treated for LUTS/BPH in our system. Better understanding of the causality of this relationship and potential interaction of LUTS/BPH with the endocannabinoid system is desirable.