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Improving resident learning on vasectomy: a national survey on urology resident vasectomy training
Department of Urology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
Dec  2021 (Vol.  28, Issue  6, Pages( 10941 - 10945)
PMID: 34895400


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  • Introduction:

    Resident training in vasectomy, especially in the office setting on the awake patient, may be limited. The aim of this study is to understand resident exposure to vasectomy and to identify barriers to learning.

    Materials and methods:

    An anonymous 18-question survey was distributed to urology residents of the 135 ACGME-accredited urology residencies in the United States. Residents were asked to specify the total number of vasectomies they had performed and in what environment (operating room versus office), their comfort performing vasectomy independently, and any barriers to learning the procedure.


    In total, 119 residents responded to the survey, representing a 10% response rate. Vasectomy case volumes were variable, with 36.7% of residents logging ≤ 20 vasectomies by their final year of training. Total of 23.4% indicated they did not receive training in perioperative counseling for patients considering vasectomy. Only 64.7% of all residents felt comfortable in the office setting versus 89.1% who felt comfortable in the operating room (p < 0.001). This difference persisted throughout training, and 16.7% of residents in their final year of residency were uncomfortable performing office vasectomy. Total of 60.5% of respondents cited one or more barriers to training, with lack of surgical volume (38.7%), lack of vasectomies in the resident clinic (29.4%), and lack of autonomy when performing the procedure (22.7%) being the most common.


    Residents are significantly less comfortable performing vasectomy in the office setting versus in the operating room, including in their graduating year. Residents describe low volume and lack of autonomy as barriers to vasectomy training.

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December 2021, Vol.28 No.6
canadian journal of urology