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Stereotactic body radiation therapy with simultaneous integrated boost for prostate cancer: does MRI-targeted biopsy alter the boost field?
Department of Urology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Oct  2021 (Vol.  28, Issue  5, Pages( 10817 - 10823)
PMID: 34657654

Abstract

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  • Introduction:

    We aim to investigate if the addition of MRI-US fusion biopsy (FB) can aid in radiation planning and alter the boost field in cases of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for prostate cancer with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) to a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-defined intraprostatic lesion.

    Materials and methods:

    Patients undergoing SBRT with SIB for biopsy-proven prostatic adenocarcinoma and a pre-radiation MRI were retrospectively reviewed. 36.25 Gy in 5 fractions was delivered to entire prostate along with SIB of 40 Gy to an MRI-defined intraprostatic lesion. Demographic, radiation planning details, and post-procedural outcomes were compared between patients undergoing systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy followed by MRI to those undergoing an MRI followed by a FB prior to radiation planning.

    Results:

    Forty-three patients underwent systematic TRUS biopsy followed by MRI and 46 patients underwent FB prior to radiation planning. Patients undergoing systematic TRUS biopsy had a smaller prostate volume when compared to the FB cohort (37.58 ± 13.78 versus 50.28 ± 26.76 cc, p = 0.007). No differences in prostate planning target volume (PTVprostate) and boost volume (PTVboost) were noted, but those undergoing TRUS biopsy prior to MRI had a higher integrated boost volume density (IBVD = PTVboost/total prostate volume) (0.16 ± 0.09 versus 0.13 ± 0.06, p = 0.045). No differences were observed in genitourinary or gastrointestinal toxicity rates.

    Conclusions:

    Compared to systematic TRUS biopsy, implementation of prebiopsy prostate MRI and FB allows for safe and feasible SBRT in patients with significantly larger prostate volumes without increasing SIB cancer-directed treatment volumes, oncologic outcomes, quality of life measures, or treatment-related toxicities.

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October 2021, Vol.28 No.5
canadian journal of urology