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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the presentation , management and outcome of testicular torsion in the pediatric population - an analysis of a large pediatric center
Division of Pediatric Urology, Children's National Hospital, Washington, DC, USA
Aug  2021 (Vol.  28, Issue  4, Pages( 10750 - 10755)
PMID: 34378510


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  • INTRODUCTION To examine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the presentation, management and outcome of testicular torsion at our institution.


    A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained testicular torsion database was performed. Patients ≤ 18 years of age evaluated in our emergency room between 3/11/2020 to 10/1/2020 (during-COVID-19) and the same period in 2018 and 2019 (pre-COVID-19) with US diagnosed and OR confirmed testicular torsion were included. Basic demographics, timing of presentation, referral rate, time to OR and orchiectomy rate were extracted and compared. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


    A total of 82 torsions were included in the study; 55 pre-COVID-19 and 27 during-COVID-19. The incidence of testicular torsion remained the same; 3.93 cases/month pre-COVID-19 versus 3.86 cases/month during-COVID-19 (p = 0.791). However, there were significantly fewer delayed (> 24 hours) presentations (11.1% versus 45.5% , p = 0.003), shorter time from onset of symptoms to presentation (median 15.5 hours versus 8 hours, p = 0.001), and a lower but not statistically significant overall orchiectomy rate (33.3% versus 50.9% p = 0.1608) during-COVID-19. Among those presenting acutely with torsion (< 24 hours from onset), no statistical differences were found in the median time from US diagnosis to OR, from ED to OR, referral rate, or orchiectomy rate between the two groups. Lastly, SARS-CoV2 testing did not delay median time from ED to OR.


    There was a notably less delayed presentation of testicular torsion and shorter ischemia time on presentation during-COVID, however, no significant change of time to OR or orchiectomy rate in those with acute testicular torsion were observed.