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Transurethral resection of prostatic abscess
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
RESIDENT'S CORNER
Apr 2021 (Vol. 28, Issue 2, Pages( 10638 - 10642)
PMID: 33872565

Abstract

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  • Prostate abscess (PA) is an uncommon prostatic infection, with risk factors including indwelling catheters, acute or chronic prostatitis, bladder outlet obstruction, voiding dysfunction, recent urologic instrumentation (especially transrectal prostate biopsy), chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), intravenous drug use (IVDU), and hepatitis C. Treatment of PA consists of antibiotics and abscess drainage via transurethral resection (TUR) or image-guided transrectal or transperineal drainage. Numerous studies have demonstrated that TUR of PA has a higher success rate and shorter hospital length of stay when compared to image-guided drainage. Despite this, TUR of PA is a relatively uncommon surgery with few useful recommendations on how to best perform this procedure. We demonstrate the TUR surgical technique for drainage of a 6 cm loculated PA in a 44-year-old man with active IVDU and hepatitis C. The patient presented with progressive voiding symptoms, urinary retention, and leukocytosis. Given the size, loculated nature of the abscess, and its proximity to the prostatic urethra, we decided to proceed to the operating room for surgical drainage as opposed to image-guided transrectal drainage. Herein we describe the trans urethral technique. He clinically improved postoperatively and repeat imaging 4 days later showed decreased abscess size. Transurethral drainage of a PA is a safe, efficient, and effective treatment option. Treatment approach should depend on abscess size, location, and presence of loculations. Combining different endourologic techniques and instruments may be necessary

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