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Urodynamics less likely to change diagnosis and management in uncomplicated overactive bladder
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
Jun 2020 (Vol. 27, Issue 3, Pages( 10244 - 10249)
PMID: 32544048

Abstract

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  • INTRODUCTION:

    Given the invasive nature of urodynamics and its unclear impact on altering patient management, we aimed to determine whether performing a urodynamic study (UDS) resulted in a change in either patient diagnosis or treatment offered in women with uncomplicated urinary incontinence.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS:

    A retrospective review was performed of all female patients who underwent UDS for urinary incontinence at our practice between January 2014 and 2017. Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, incomplete emptying, urinary retention, or prior anti-incontinence surgery were excluded. We compared the ICD-10 diagnosis and primary treatment offered in the absence of UDS to their post-UDS diagnosis and recommended therapy. Descriptive statistics, chi-squared, and multivariable analyses were performed.

    RESULTS:

    A total of 141 patient charts were analyzed. The indications for UDS were mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) (45.3%), stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (29.1%), and overactive bladder (OAB) (25.5%). A change in diagnosis following UDS was seen in 40.4% of the entire cohort including 53.1% of patients with MUI and 48.8% of those with SUI compared to 8.3% of those with OAB. A change in treatment was seen in 32.6% of patients including 54.9% with MUI, 41.7% with SUI, and 10% with OAB. When compared to patients with SUI on adjusted multivariate logistic regression, those with OAB were less likely to have a change in either diagnosis (OR 0.06 (0.01-0.31)) or management (OR 0.15 (0.04-0.62)).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Diagnosis and management are unlikely to change after UDS in patients presenting with uncomplicated OAB. Conversely, UDS provided important diagnostic information that often changed management in those presenting with MUI and SUI. Our results suggest that UDS may be omitted in patients with uncomplicated refractory OAB in favor of earlier initiation of third line therapies.

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June 2020, Vol.27 No.3
canadian journal of urology