Content

Welcome to the CJU website » LOG IN

Details

Charlson Comorbidity score influence on prostate cancer survival and radiation-related toxicity
Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Apr 2020 (Vol. 27, Issue 2, Pages( 10154 - 10161)
PMID: 32333734

Abstract

Text-Size + 

  • INTRODUCTION:

    In addition to survival endpoints, we explored the impact of Charlson Comorbidity-Index (CCI) on the acute and late toxicities in men with localized prostate cancer who received dose-escalated definitive radiotherapy (RT).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS:

    CCI scores at diagnosis and survival outcomes were identified for men with intermediate/high-risk prostate cancer treated with RT (1/2007-12/2012). Study-cohort was accordingly grouped into no, mild and severe comorbidity (CCI-0, 1 or 2+). CCI-groups were compared for demographics, prognostic-factors; and RT-related toxicities based on RTOG/CTCAE criteria. Kaplan-Meier curves and Uni/multivariate (MVA) analyses were used to examine the influence of CCI-group on overall (OS), disease-specific (DSS) and biochemical-relapse free (BRFS) survival.

    RESULTS:

    We included 257 patients with median age 73 years (48-85), 53% African-American and 67% had intermediate-risk. Median prostate RT-dose was 76 Gy; and 47% received androgen-deprivation therapy. CCI-0,1,2+ groups encompassed 76 (30%), 54 (21%) and 127 (49%) patients, respectively and were well-balanced. Ten and 15-years OS were significantly different (76% versus 46% versus 55% for 10-years OS and 53% versus 31% versus 14% for 15-years OS for CCI-0 versus CCI-1[HR:2.25; CI[1.31-3.87]] versus CCI-2+[HR:2.73; CI[1.73-4.31]]; p < 0.001. CCI-0 had better DSS than CCI-2+ (HR:2.23; CI[1.06-4.68]; p = 0.03) and BRFS was similar (p = 0.99). Late G2/3 RT-toxicities were more common in CCI-2+ (47%) than CCI-1 (44%) and CCI-0 (29%), p = 0.032; with non-different acute-toxicities (p = 0.62). On MVA, increased CCI was deterministic for OS (HR:3.65; CI [1.71:7.79]; p < 0.001) and was only marginal for DSS (HR:2.55; CI [0.98-6.6]; p = 0.05) with no impact on BRFS (p > 0.05).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Higher CCI is a significant predictor for late RT-related side-effects and shorter OS in men with localized prostate cancer. Baseline comorbidities should be considered during initial counseling and follow up visits.

Current Issue

April 2020, Vol.27 No.2
canadian journal of urology