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Feasibility and clinical outcomes of ureteral stenting in the office procedural suite
MD/PhD Program, Texas A & M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas, USA
Dec 2018 (Vol. 25, Issue 6, Pages( 9596 - 9600)
PMID: 30553285


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    Stent placement is a common procedure for addressing obstructive uropathy. However, lack of operating room (OR) availability can substantially delay this procedure. In this study, we sought to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of this procedure in a clinical setting using nitrous oxide (N2O) and local anesthesia.


    Patients included in this study included those who were determined to need management of urinary obstruction with a JJ ('double J'?) stent and had their procedure performed in the clinic procedure suite with N2O anesthesia.


    We present a case series of 565 patients undergoing ureteral stent placements in a clinic operative suite with N2O. In this cohort, complications occurred after 4.1% of procedures and unplanned admissions to the hospital occurred after 2.5% of procedures. Stent placements failed in 1.0% of procedures. Failures occurred due to pain in 2/565 patients. No anesthetic complications were encountered.


    We report the feasibility and clinical outcomes of ureteral stent placements for ureteral obstruction in a clinic setting with the use of local anesthetic or N2O anesthesia, with excellent results. A majority of patients tolerated the procedure well and only 2 of 565 had their procedures stopped due to discomfort. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of N2O anesthetic for conscious sedation for the placement of ureteral stents.

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canadian journal of urology