Welcome to the CJU website » LOG IN


Improving the quality of operative reports for transurethral resection of bladder tumor surgery in resident education
Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
Oct  2017 (Vol.  24, Issue  5, Pages( 8976 - 8981)
PMID: 28971783


Text-Size + 


    To assess the quality of resident dictations for transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). One indicator of surgical quality is the completeness of the operative report. Surprisingly, there is a paucity of standardized operative templates for TURBT and little formalized instruction for learners. The quality of TURBT dictations was assessed and areas of improvement were determined after implementation of a 10 item TURBT checklist.


    A retrospective review of the last 50 TURBT operative reports dictated by residents was performed. A 'TURBT checklist' was used assessing 10 key factors in documentation. A formal training session regarding TURBT dictations was given with TURBT checklists handed out to each trainee. Fifty TURBT dictations were subsequently analyzed.


    TURBT dictations improved across the board following checklist implementation. Total number of checklist items dictated increased to 7.0 from 2.6 prior (p < 0.05). When stratified by resident experience, TURBT dictations improved across different resident years (p < 0.05). Junior resident dictations statistically improved in every checklist item (p < 0.05). Senior resident dictations improved in almost every category but only two reached statistical significance. A regression model demonstrated checklist implantation to be a significant predictor of improvement in mean number of checklist items dictated independent of PGY level.


    Our study demonstrates that prior to implementation, TURBT operative dictations performed by residents lacked many of the critical components required for a quality TURBT. However, once properly instructed, a relatively simple 'checklist' can be easily implemented and serve as a teaching tool for residents in training to ensure critical procedural elements are documented