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Management of refractory idiopathic overactive bladder: intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type A versus posterior tibial nerve stimulation
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt
Jun 2017 (Vol. 24, Issue 3, Pages( 8838 - 8846)
PMID: 28646940

Abstract

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  • Introduction: To compare the safety and efficacy of posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) versus an intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) 100 U in the management of refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS:

    We randomized 60 patients with refractory idiopathic OAB to receive an intradetrusor injection of BTX-A 100 U or PTNS. We assessed the patients at baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 9 months, and determined their clinical symptoms, overall OAB symptom score, urgency score, quality-of-life score, and urodynamic study parameters.

    RESULTS:

    The two patient groups had similar baseline characteristics. After treatment, the patients in the BTX-A group had significant improvements in all parameters compared to their baseline values. Patients in the PTNS group initially had significant improvements in all parameters, but by 9 months, this was no longer true for most parameters. In general, the improvements were more significant in the BTX group, especially at 9 months. In the BTX-A group, two patients (6.6%) needed clean intermittent catheterization; 3 patients (2 women and 1 man; 10% of patients) had mild hematuria, and 2 patients (6.6%) had urinary tract infections (UTIs). In the PTNS group, local adverse effects included minor bleeding spots and temporary pain.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Intradetrusor injection of BTX-A and PTNS are both effective to manage refractory idiopathic OAB. BTX-A is more effective than PTNS and is also durable, minimally invasive, reversible, and safe, but it also has more side effects.

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