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Prostate weight: an independent predictor for positive surgical margins during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
Section of Urology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Oct 2007 (Vol. 14, Issue 5, Pages( 3697 - 3701)
PMID: 17949525

Abstract

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  • INTRODUCTION:

    Pre-operative prediction of pathological stage represents the cornerstone of prostate cancer management. Patient counseling is routinely based on pre-operative PSA, Gleason score and clinical stage. In this study, we evaluated whether prostate weight (PW) is an independent predictor of extracapsular extension (ECE) and positive surgical margin (PSM). METHODS: Between February 2003 and November 2006, 709 men underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). Pre-operative parameters (patient age, pre-operative PSA, biopsy Gleason score, clinical stage) as well as pathological data (prostate weight, pathological stage) were prospectively gathered after internal-review board (IRB) approval. Evaluation of the influence of these variables on ECE and PSM outcomes were assessed using both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

    RESULTS:

    Mean overall patient age, pre-operative PSA and PW were 59.6 years, 6.5 ng/ml and 52.9 g (range 5.5 g-198.7 g), respectively. Of the 393, 209 and 107 men with PW < 50 g, 50 g-< 70 g and < 70 g, ECE was observed in 20.1%, 15.3% and 9.3%, respectively (p = 0.015). In the same patient cohorts, PSM was observed in 25.4%, 14.4% and 7.5%, respectively (p < 0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, PW, in addition to pre-operative PSA, biopsy Gleason score and clinical stage, was an independent risk factor for ECE (p < 0.001). Similarly, in multi-variate analysis, PW was observed to be a risk factor for PSM (p < 0.001).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    PW is an independent predictor of both ECE and PSM, with an inverse relationship having been demonstrated between both variables. PW should be considered when counseling patients with prostate cancer treatment.

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