Content

Welcome to the CJU website » LOG IN

Details

Conventional and diffusion-weighted MRI features in diagnosis of metastatic lymphadenopathy in bladder cancer
Wollin A. Daniel; Deng Fang-Ming; Huang C. William; Babb S. James; Rosenkrantz B. Andrew; NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
Oct 2014 (Vol. 21, Issue 5, Pages( 7454 - 7459)
PMID: 25347370

    Abstract

    Text-Size + 

  • INTRODUCTION: To compare qualitative and quantitative imaging features from conventional and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detection of metastatic pelvic lymph nodes in bladder cancer patients undergoing cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients who had undergone cystectomy for bladder cancer with preoperative MRI with DWI sequence prior to surgery were included. Imaging features on conventional and DW-MRI were compared with histopathology at cystectomy. RESULTS: Nodal features associated with metastatic lymphadenopathy were short axis (AUC = 0.85, p < 0.001; when SA > 5 mm: sensitivity = 88%, specificity = 75%), long axis (AUC = 0.80, p < 0.001; when LA > 6 mm: sensitivity = 88%, specificity = 71%), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on DWI, normalized to muscle (AUC = 0.66, p = 0.113; when nADC < 1.35: sensitivity = 75%, specificity = 68%), and absence of fatty hilum on conventional imaging (AUC = 0.73, p = 0.012; when fatty hilum absent, sensitivity = 75%, specificity = 71%). ADC without normalization was not associated with metastasis (p = 0.303). CONCLUSIONS: Imaging findings from conventional MRI and DWI achieved reasonable accuracy for detecting metastatic lymph nodes in bladder cancer, although sensitivity was higher than specificity. A short axis greater than 5 mm on conventional MRI had the highest accuracy of any individual finding. When using DWI, normalization of ADC values to muscle ADC may improve diagnostic performance.

Current Issue

Feb 2017, Vol.24 No.1
canadian journal of urology mobile

canadian journal of urology